Commen Anxiety Disorder Medications: Types and Usage

Are you suffering from anxiety disorder and looking for the most suitable medications for you? Or your current anxiety medications are not working, and you are looking for the best alternative options? Fred, not; you are at the right place.

There are different types of medications used for anxiety disorder treatment. Benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and beta-blockers are some of the popular types of anxiety medications. Here, you will learn about all kinds of anxiety medications so that you can find the most effective and suitable medicine for yourself. 

After going through this detailed blog post, you will know the safest and most effective anxiety medication for yourself. You will also learn about how these medications work differently from each other. Let’s check out the details of these medicines.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are depressants that produce sedation effects. These work by increasing the neurotransmitters in your brain, which are the brain chemicals. These neurotransmitters affect messages relaying to your brain, which results in relieving anxiety and muscle spasms and reducing seizures. Here is a list of popular benzodiazepines used for anxiety treatment.

  • Alprazolam (Xanax
  • Lorazepam (Ativan)
  • Bromazepam (Lectopam)
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  • Clonazepam (Rivotril)
  • Clorazepate (Tranxene)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Oxazepam (Serax)

Buspirone

The second medication we are going to see for anxiety disorder treatment is buspirone. Buspirone can be used for both short and long-term use. This medicine works by affecting the hormones that regulate mood. These hormones include serotonin and dopamine. It takes effect slowly and can take up to two weeks to be fully effective. Some of the brand names of buspirone include;

  • BuSpar
  • LinBuspirone
  • Bustab
  • Buspirax

Antidepressants

The next class of anxiety medicines we are going to check out is antidepressants. It is one of the most used medications for anxiety disorder treatment. It is significantly more helpful when depressants are no longer affecting you. It affects slowly and can take up to 4 to 6 weeks to be fully effective. Here are different types of antidepressants for anxiety treatment.

  • SSRIs: SSRIs stand for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. These have less side effects as compared to other antidepressants. Dapoxetine (Priligy), citalopram (Cipramil), and escitalopram (Cipralex) are some of the popular SSRIs. 
  • SNRIs: SSRIs stand for Serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors. These can be more beneficial for people who don’t respond to SSRIs. Venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta and Yentreve) are some of the renowned SNRIs for anxiety.
  • NASSAs: NASSAs stands for Noradrenaline and specific serotonergic antidepressants. They are more effective for people who don’t respond to SSRIs, although they may cause more drowsiness at the start. Mirtazapine (Remeron) is a very popular antidepressant used for anxiety disorders.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) TCAs are an older type of antidepressant. These are usually not used as a first-choice treatment due to their sensitivity. Clomipramine, amitriptyline, and dosulepin are examples of TCAs.
  • Serotonin antagonists and reuptake inhibitors (SARIs): SARIs are FDA-approved for major depressive disorder, but these are also recommended for anxiety. Trazodone and nefazodone are the two most used SARIs as anxiety disorder medications.
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs); MAOIs are also an ancient type of antidepressant. These are used significantly less nowadays. Some of the popular MAOIs include phenelzine and tranylcypromine.

Beta-Blockers

Beta-blockers are primarily used to control blood pressure and heart rhythms. Still, these are also prescribed off-label for anxiety—especially the anxiety for situations like going to a party or giving a speech. Propranolol is a very popular beta blocker used for this purpose. It also helps you to control sweating and shakiness alongside anxiety.

Atypical Antipsychotics

The following medicine we are going to discuss is atypical antipsychotics. These are used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. These are used alongside the combination with antidepressants for best results. It is because these are to treat people for whom antidepressants alone are not effective.

The key benefit of this class of drugs is fewer side effects. Here are some of the renowned atypical antipsychotics;

  • Aripiprazole
  • Ziprasidone
  • Olanzapine
  • Risperidone

Hydroxyzine

The last type of anxiety medicine we are going to discuss is hydroxyzine. It belongs to a class of drugs known as antihistamines. It is an FDA-approved medication that is also beneficial for resting anxiety. It works by increasing serotonin levels in our body.

It also helps in blocking histamine activity. These factors combine to relieve anxiety symptoms. Hydroxyzine hydrochloride and pamoate are two different versions of this disease. It is known by the brand name Vistaril.

Final Words

These were all anxiety disorder medications. These may work differently for everybody, so consult with your doctor to select the most suitable medicine for yourself. Some are used for a short time while others can be used long term. Follow the doctor’s prescription strictly; otherwise, these can cause severe side effects.

Benzodiazepines or tranquilizers are the finest choice for anxiety disorder medications. It has shown entirely satisfactory results in treating anxiety for most people.

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