Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Symptoms and Causes

Do you also feel worried without any reason, and these feelings are constantly increasing? Do you also feel like you are on edge in life? Well, you may be facing generalized anxiety disorder.

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental illness that causes changes in our behavior, mood, and the way we think about certain things. You often feel sad or empty. Here, we will cover every single thing about this in detail.

Once you have finished reading this article, you will know all about generalized anxiety disorder (GAT). We have also shared some necessary precautions at the end to keep you safe from this disease. Let’s start by knowing its causes.


Although the exact causes of GAT are unknown, some factors may lead you to it. Here are some of those common factors.

  • Being unable to cope with internal stress
  • As a side effect of any medicine
  • Environmental or family stress
  • Your inherited genes
  • History of abuse, bullying, stressful events, or any other trauma
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse
  • A chronic health condition

These are the leading causes of generalized anxiety disorder, but it can happen to anyone without these reasons, too.

Symptoms Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

The people suffering from GAT often have anxiety without any reason, a lot more than the situation needs. They also reflect other symptoms which may vary from person to person, but here are some of the most common symptoms in people suffering from this disease

  • Trouble breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Poor concentration
  • Sweating
  • Hot flashes
  • Nausea
  • Trouble falling or staying asleep
  • Trembling
  • Twitching
  • Tense muscles
  • Headaches
  • Urinating often
  • Being easily startled
  • Unable to relax
  • Irritability
  • Lump in the throat
  • Lightheadedness

Gat Symptoms In Kids

Although the feelings are the same, there are different symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder in kids or teenagers due to their routines and activities. Let’s check it out in detail.

  • Decreased performance in school
  • Less participation in sports activities
  • Worrying about the safety of family members
  • Worrying about punctuality
  • Trying to become a perfectionist
  • Worrying about fitting in
  • Redoing tasks
  • Lack of confidence
  • Need to reassure them about their performance despite the praise
  • Frequent physical problems
  • Avoiding school or other social activities
  • Spending a lot of time doing homework
  • Worrying about Nuclear wars, the death of their close ones, or other things that should not be a concern


If you or your child has these symptoms, then you are probably suffering from GAT, and you should likely seek medical treatment. These are the few effective treatment methods for this disease.


Two types of medications are used for generalized anxiety disorder treatment. The first ones are anti-anxiety medicines, which are short-term, and the other ones are antidepressants, which are used for a long time.

Common anti-anxiety medicines include Xanax, Ativan, and Klonopin, and antidepressants include Zoloft, Prozac, Sarafem, Celexa, Lexapro, and others.


The second type of treatment method for generalized anxiety disorder is therapy. Different types of therapies work best for other people. Please consult your doctor about the most suitable therapy and start with its treatment.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBD) and psychotherapy are some renowned therapies that are used for the treatment of this disease.

Relaxing Techniques

The third treatment method which we are going to discuss is relaxing techniques. It all starts because of stress, so staying relaxed is vital in GAT treatment. Meditation, exercise, a healthy diet, good sleep, and avoiding drugs are some beneficial relaxation techniques.

Precautions To Avoid Generalized Anxiety Disorder

It is a severe issue that can happen to you more than once. So you must follow the necessary practices to keep yourself safe from it. Here are some essential precautions to avoid GAT;

  • Educate yourself about anxiety.
  • Follow all the doctor’s advice, follow up, etc.
  • Understand how anxiety medications work.
  • Contact a counselor as soon as you get a whiff about anxiety.
  • Avoid stressful people and activities.
  • Adherence to a healthy lifestyle.
  • Take support for any physical condition that may lead you to stress.
  • Be more social.
  • Practice techniques that boost your confidence and self-esteem.
  • Don’t stay alone or isolated.
  • Take consistent breaks if you are doing a hectic job.
  • Planning family trips every few weeks is a good idea for refreshments. It will help you stay dress-free.

Final Words

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAT) is a mental condition that makes you worried about typical everyday situations or issues. It is a sensitive disease and can disturb your life. Just imagine ruining your life and not reaching your goals without any reason. Yeah, that’s GAT.

So, seek medical help as soon as you note any symptoms of this disease to avoid serious issues that can change the course of your life. Follow the necessary precautions very carefully, especially if you have been affected by this disease earlier in your life.